## About

To calculate 'how far along am I,' the most common method is to count the **
number of ** weeks that have **elapsed since the first day of a woman's last menstrual period (LMP)**.

Pregnancy is normally **counted from a woman's last menstrual period** which is about **two weeks before baby is conceived**.

Our **how far along am I calculator** uses your **due date** or **last
menstrual period** to calculate how many weeks, months, and days you are pregnant.

## How Long is Pregnancy?

When calculating an estimated due date, pregnancy is **40 weeks or 280 days** from
**the first day of a woman's last menstrual period** (LMP) to the estimated due date.

Gestational age is the most common method of measuring how far along a pregnancy is. Gestational aging adds an extra two weeks before conception when sperm fertilizes an egg. Conception is generally two weeks after a woman's last menstrual period.

Calculating a due date from conception, pregnancy is**38 weeks or 266 days**from

**conception**to the estimated due date.

## Actual Length of Pregnancy

The actual length of pregnancy varies greatly among women. Just 4% of babies are born on their due date while 70% are born within 10 days of the estimated due date. The remaining 30% are born more than 10 days before the due date or more than 10 days after the due date.^{[2]}

The reference above provides a delivery birth range of 38 weeks and 4 days (270 days) to 41 weeks and 3 days (290 days) with a probability of 70%.

## Why Pregnancy is Counted from the Last Menstrual Period (LMP)

Pregnancy is counted from a women's last menstrual period because the start of a period is **easily observable** and usually known to a woman whereas the
**date of conception** is much **less likely to be known**.

Historically, the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP) became the date from which pregnancy is counted even though conception occurs about two weeks later.

The LMP formula is good for working out an initial age of pregnancy but
**ultrasound is more accurate**.^{[1]} The age of pregnancy may be **revised following your
ultrasound scan**.

## No LMP Date?

If you don't have a valid last menstrual period date for any reason, your doctor will provide one for you, most likely based on ultrasound measurements.

### Irregular Period

Irregular menstrual periods are generally calculated by early ultrasound.

Generally, obstetricians or physicians initially calculate pregnancy from your last period without adjusting for an irregular cycle length. This initial estimation may then be superseded or confirmed by an ultrasound.

Read more about ultrasound on this page or our due date page.

## How Far Along Am I Formula

**How Far Along Am I Formula:**

LMP + Time Passed = How Far Along I Am (Gestational)

*LMP = Last Menstrual Period*

## How to Calculate How Many Weeks You Are

**Start**by counting the recurring day of your last menstrual period- Stop counting recurring days when you reach the present time.
- The number of recurring days you count is the number of weeks you are now.

**Example:**

If your last menstrual period started on a Wednesday,

**count one week to the next**Wednesday. Now keep counting Wednesdays

**until you reach the present date.**

LMP = December 2, 2021

Current Date = February 4, 2022

**Calculation:**

1st Wed = December 9, 2021 = 1 Week

2nd Wed = December 16, 2021 = 2 Weeks

9th Wed = February 3, 2022 = 9 Weeks

You are 9 Weeks and 1 Day pregnant

Another method to calculate how many weeks pregnant you are **is to:
**

**Count**the days from the first day of your Last Menstrual Period (LMP) until you reach**today's date**.- Now
**divide the counted days by 7.** **The answer will be how many weeks you are now.**

**How Many Weeks Am I Formula:**

(LMP + Days Passed Since LMP) / 7

*LMP = Last Menstrual Period*

Each of these methods will give you the gestational age of your pregnancy.

## How to Calculate How Many Months You Are

**Start**from the first day of your last menstrual period- Now count forward one month and repeat until you reach today's date.

If your LMP date falls on a day after the 28th and the numerical day of your LMP is not in the month you are counting, then you must count to the last day of that month. Example here.

**Example:**

LMP = December 2, 2021

Current date = February 4, 2022

**Calculation:**

1 month = January 2, 2022

2 months = February 2, 2022

Months counted = 2. You are 2 Months and 2 Days pregnant.

**End of Month Example:**

LMP = January 30, 2021

**Calculation:**

1 month = February 28, 2022

2 months = March 30, 2022

3 months = April 30, 2022

And so on..

Note: Our months are calendar months but in the pregnancy world a month may be any of the following:

- 4 weeks
- 5 weeks
- A lunar month

Any reference to how many months pregnant you are contains this uncertainty unless the type of month is specified.

## Using Ultrasound

Ultrasound in the first trimester is the most accurate method of dating
pregnancy.^{[1]} During the scan, baby is
measured and the age of pregnancy is estimated by comparing baby's size against recorded averages. If there is a
significant difference between gestational age according to LMP and gestational
age according to the ultrasound, you may be given a new gestational age and due
date based on the ultrasound measurements.^{[1]}

Your pregnancy may also be dated by ultrasound measurement if an LMP formula was not appropriate for your pregnancy for any reason. LMP formulas are not suitable in several situations including the following: LMP is not known or is not certain, birth control pills were taken in the two months before LMP, the menstrual cycle is irregular, you are carrying multiples (twins or more).

Although the age of pregnancy based on ultrasound measurements is more accurate than the age of pregnancy based on LMP, both are estimates and not definitive statements.

## Dating Pregnancy Using hCG Testing

The age of pregnancy can also be estimated by measuring the levels of hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) in the mother's blood. The results of this test indicate how far the pregnancy has progressed. Home pregnancy tests are available which can be used in the early stages of pregnancy to measure pregnancy progress.

## Other Methods of Pregnancy Dating

Other, less important methods (used by health professionals) for assessing the age of pregnancy include measurement of fundal height (size of mother's belly), the age of baby's first heartbeat, and time when mom first feels baby's movement.

## Disclaimer About the Calculator

Our calculator strives for the highest accuracy, but your pregnancy progress may differ from the calculator's results for several reasons including possible miscalculation; errors in input data; individual variations in the timing of ovulation, and/or conception.

The information provided regarding pregnancy progress and fetal development is a guide through the weeks. It is not specific information for a specific individual but serves as a general guide only. As each pregnancy differs, any dates, weights, and lengths should be considered general information for interest only.

Our week-by-week guides use both standard and metric units of measure including pounds and kilograms.

#### References

- Committee Opinion No. 611. Method for estimating due date. Obstet Gynec. 124 (2014): 863-6. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000454932.15177.be
- A. Jukic et al. Length of human pregnancy and contributors to its natural variation. Human Reproduction 28 (2013): 2848 2855. doi: 10.1093/humrep/det297

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